Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Academic ethics are the necessary and fundamental principle of research. Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2023).
Publication and Authorship
- All the published papers should list the references and financial support according to Journal of Scientific Research in Medical and Biological Sciences (JSRMBS) style.
- Forbidden plagiarism and fraudulent date.
- Forbidden to publish the same research in more than one journal
- Forbidden to publish the same research in different languages
- Original papers should report the work performed and the experiment data accurately, discuss its significance objectively, give experiment details enough to reproduce the research or experiment by others, and cite and list the references exactly according to the JSRMBS requirement and JSRMBS reference style.
- Originality and plagiarism: Only entirely original papers can be submitted to JSRMBS. All the work or words of others should be cited or quoted appropriately. Plagiarism and fraudulent date papers will not be considered for publication by JSRMBS.
- Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: Papers should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same research in different languages and the under-review manuscripts to different journals are also unethical behavior, which are unacceptable by JSRMBS.
- Sign the JSRMBS Copyright form and statement that all data in article are real and authentic.
- Authorship of the paper: All authors should have significantly contributed to the research.
- Participate in the peer review process
- Ethics of experimentation: Approval from the relevant body is required for the studies
- Disclosure and conflicts of Interest: All the financial support for the research should be disclosed.
- All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
- Acknowledgement of sources
- Judgments should be objective.
- Reviewers’ views should be expressed clearly with supporting arguments.
- Promptness is necessary. If the selected reviewer feels inadequate to review the paper or cannot promptly review the paper, the reviewer should inform the editor and drop out of the peer review process of the paper.
- Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors, and/or the research funders.
- Reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited.
- Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.
- Publication decisions: Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. But this decision should only be based on the paper’s relevance to the journal’s scope and its academic quality, including the reviewers’ judgments, the research’s innovation, the experiment’s validity, etc. And only accept a paper when reasonably certain.
- Confidentiality: Editors and the editorial staff should guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted papers which should be only disclose to the authors, the reviewers, the potential reviewers, the adviser from the JSRMBS Editorial Committee, and the publisher if necessary before publication. And the submitted papers should not be used for the editors’ and the editorial staff’s own research without the authors’ written authorization.
- Editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept.
- Adhere to the double-blind review in the peer review process.
- Preserve anonymity of reviewers.
- When errors are found, promote publication of correction or retraction.
Publishing Ethics Issues
- No plagiarism and no fraudulent data.
- Plagiarism and fraudulent data are forbidden. When a case of plagiarism and fraudulent data is exposed after the paper’s publication in JSRMBS, a preliminary investigation will be conducted by JSRMBS. JSRMBS will also inform the author. The author could state the situation through BBCS official e-mail: email@example.com. If the plagiarism is confirmed,JSRMBS will contact the author’s institute and funding agencies. And JSRMBS will mark the plagiarism paper obviously on the PDF of this paper or formally retract the paper.
- Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board.
- Crosscheck and double-blind peer review should be conducted for each paper to avoid academic misconduct. And all the files related to each paper should be kept properly.
Guidelines for Retracting Articles
Article Withdrawal Policy
It is a general principle of scholarly communication that the editor of a learned journal is solely and independently responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal shall be published. In making this decision, the editor is guided by policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship. Articles that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as is possible. However, very occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be undertaken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances.
This policy has been designed to address these concerns and to take into account current best practice in the scholarly and library communities. As standards evolve and change, we will revisit this issue and welcome the input of scholarly and library communities. We believe these issues require international standards and we will be active in lobbying various information bodies to establish international standards and best practices that the publishing and information industries can adopt.
Only used for Articles in Press which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors, or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication but which have not been formally published and will not yet have the complete volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are discovered to be accidental duplicates of other published article(s), or are determined to violate our journal publishing ethics guidelines in the view of the editors (such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like), may be “Withdrawn” from the journal. Withdrawn means that the article content (HTML and PDF) is removed and replaced with a HTML page and PDF simply stating that the article has been withdrawn according to the journal policy on Article in Press Withdrawal with a link to the current policy document.
Retraction is done when there are infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used in case of failing to reproduce the results or correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction by the journal: A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list. In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article. The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself. The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.” The HTML version of the document is removed.
Article Removal: Legal limitations
In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.
In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.
Maintaining the Integrity of the Academic Record
- All the authors will make a commitment of the integrity of the academic record, including the integrity of the data and figures in the paper, when they sign the JSRMBS Copyright Form. And the crosscheck and peer review will help the editors to verify the originality and integrity of the submitted paper.
- All the business needs should be precluded from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.
- Dealing with the fundamental errors.
- When an author discovers fundamental errors in the published works, it is the author’s obligation to notify the editor promptly by e-mail. The editors and the editorial stuff should always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.